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Circumcision is the total or partial removal of the foreskin that is covering the glans of the penis. There are several medical reasons to circumcise which include Phimosis, Paraphimosis, recurrent balanitis and penis cancer.

Phimosis: It is the condition where a tight foreskin causing the pain when penis is erect. This is difficult and impossible to retract. If the foreskin is not tight, other type of treatment called steroid cream is prescribed to loosen it. This condition can usually be treated by surgical enlargement of phimotic ring.

Paraphimosis: It is a condition where the foreskin cannot return to its position. This restricts the blood flow causing pain and inflammation leading to serious complications. If the paraphimosis is discovered early, the lubrication is suggested to reduce foreskin.

Balanitis and posthitis: Balanitis is the condition of infections in glans whereas posthitis is the infection in the foreskin. These can be caused out of poor hygiene, allergies or from sexually transmitted infections.

Balanitis xerotica obliterans: This is a general skin condition that effects either foreskin or skin glans or the urine channel. There forms white lumps on the effected area and thinning or scarring on the urethra.

Care Before Procedure:

Circumcision is considered one of the safest medicinal procedure in which no much previous care is required. If Circumcision is to be performed, the patient is advised to stop smoking for atleast 24 hours prior to surgery. This helps in reducing the risks of chest problems.

Frequency of Complications:

As this procedure is done giving he general anaesthesia to patient, there may be chances of bleeding from the wound or the treated area. However this can be stopped from applying pressure or by stitching the treated area. There are other such complications which need to be taken required care at the early stage. During the procedure, there may be chances of too much of too little skin removal, or scarring of the urethra which leads to the problem while passing urine. The other complication may include the damage in end of the penis.

Post Operative Care & Recovery:

After operation, many of the surgeons will not prefer dressing instead of which petroleum jelly or sterile gauze is wrapped around sutured area. This can be removed after 24 to 48 hours ensuring no bleeding or oozing.

As for every treatment, there will be the recovery options to follow for effective outcome. There will be some post operative measures like avoiding driving, alcohol consumption etc.