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Hemorrhoids are well known as Piles are the collection of inflamed tissues in the anal canal. They are comprised of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers. Hemorrhoids  occur when the vascular mucosal cushions in the anal canal are abnormally enlarged. These hemorrhoid’s create lumps which get noticed during bowel movement causing the pain and itching around anus.

Piles can be caused for different reasons like listing heavy weights often, Straining while passing stool, Longer period of passing stool, Anal Intercourse, and fibre deficiency. These Haemorrhoids can be of two types depending on the position as Internal Haemorrhoids and External Haemorrhoids. Internal Haemorrhoids grow inside the rectal area and hence cannot be easily identified.

Causes of Hemorrhoids:

Constipation is one of the primary causes of Piles. Whereas there are several other reasons like lifting heavy weights, chronic diarrhea, Obesity are also the major causes of external  Piles noticed so far


Based on the severity piles are categorized as 4 types each of which have their own form.

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When to consult the Doctor?

Haemorrhoids are not at all an exceptional health condition like all others. Getting the medical assistance and suggestions at right time help in controlling the severity of piles. There are few critical indications as Excruciating pain and discomfort in your anal and rectum area or Dark red, maroon, or tar-like in color when you pass the stool.

Treatment Options:

Non-Surgical Treatment:

There are two non-surgical treatment procedures called Rubber Band Ligation and Coagulation. In Rubber Band Ligation treatment, the anorectal surgeon places a rubber band around the internal piles to cut the blood circulation causing the tissue to shrink and fall off. This usually takes 5 to 7 days. Whereas in Coagulation, a beam of infrared light is passed to destroy the piles. This is [referred when the severity is less.

Surgical Treatment:

In surgical treatments, there are 3 different types- Hemorrhoidectomy, Hemorrhoid stapling and Laser surgery.
Laser surgery
This is one of the most advanced and effective surgeries in which a laser beam is sent to burn or shrink the haemorrhoids. This causes less pain and no bleeding. Hemorrhoidectomy
In this type of surgery, anal tissues that cause bleeding are removed. Hence, this is suggested for piles of severe grades. Few incisions are made around the haemorrhoid tissue, and swollen veins are tied off. This prevents the bleeding, and the haemorrhoid is removed.
Haemorrhoid stapling
This is another surgical procedure in which the arterial blood vessels are cut off. This procedure is carried out to disrupt the blood flow to the inflamed tissues. This procedure is applied mostly to the internal tissues. This is one of the quickest recovery procedures with less pain.